A two-party infrastructure bill is good for electric cars, bad for the climate


If approved, the infrastructure agreement of both parties announced this week make it easier for Americans to buy and own an electric car. But it will not help achieve President Joe Biden’s ambitious goal halve CO2 emissions by 2030.

Experts in urban policy and electrification said Limit that money approved for a nationwide EV charger network would have a measurable impact on American car purchase choices. The $ 1 trillion deal (of which $ 550 billion is new spending) includes $ 7.5 billion in Biden’s plan to build half a million EV chargers across the country, helping to repair mostly a broken, sometimes broken system we currently have. A more reliable charging network is likely to help sell juices in the U.S. over the next decade.

But it will not help steer people away from cars and towards more environmentally friendly modes of transport, which many experts believe is essential to reduce CO2 emissions and combat climate change.

There is still a long way to go. Although a two-party group of Senate negotiators agreed on a broad framework for the agreement, the bill still has to pass through both chambers of Congress before it ends up on Biden’s desk for signing. A lot can happen every now and then.

However, if this agreement succeeds, it is likely to stabilize – not disrupt – the traffic habits of millions of Americans. The bilateral infrastructure plan “makes it easier for Americans to buy electric cars and then drive them with less problems,” Yonah Freemark, a senior researcher at the Urban Institute, said in an email.

But when it comes to whether the agreement would encourage Americans to use cleaner modes of transport than EV, Freemark was more pessimistic. “The bill doesn’t seem likely to create the conditions for Americans to move away from driving to other modes of transportation, such as transit, walking, and biking,” he said.

President Biden makes remarks at the Mack Truck facility in Pennsylvania

Photo: Michael M.Santiago / Getty Images

It was an opportunity to revolutionize the way people move. The proposal, unveiled earlier this year by the White House, was billed as a “justice-promoting, climate-change proposal,” Freemark tweeted. But as the process progressed through the legislative meat grinder, these radical elements – such as housing, schools and racial justice – were left out.

For example, there is no provision in the agreement between the two parties that requires states and localities to “fix it first” before building new roads and highways. The original proposal called on states to repair existing roads and bridges before committing to new projects. Transport Minister Pete Buttigieg said so much interview Limit in May: “When we fix things, we fix them right,” he said, “just don’t do the status quo again.”

But this provision was removed from a bilateral agreement that sets aside almost three times as much money for highways ($ 300 billion) as for public transport ($ 105 billion). This means that our highway system is likely to expand much faster than our transit advice. Wider roads typically lead to increased car traffic – which in turn produces more global warming.

“The bill doesn’t give anything to non-motorized modes of transportation,” Freemark said.

In the days leading up to the announcement of the bilateral agreement, public transport became an intruder in the negotiations. Democrats wanted 80 percent of the funds allocated to highways and 20 percent of transit, citing an earlier precedent, while Republicans thought 20 percent of transit was too much.

After all, the agreement would allocate $ 39 billion to modernize public transportation, which, according to the White House, is the largest investment of its kind in U.S. history. (As Freemark notes, the United States used more traffic relatively in the late 1970s and early 1980s.) It would also replace thousands of buses and other transit vehicles with emission-free upgrades.

Biden’s plan to move Americans away from fossil fuel-powered vehicles toward electric vehicles is in a slightly better shape. Initially, the president wanted $ 15 billion to charge an electric car; instead, it looks like he’s getting $ 7.5 billion. But even if it looks bad on the surface – it’s 50 percent less! – However, the EV industry claims to be changing.

“It’s a historic investment in charging for infrastructure, which is a really big deal,” said Joe Britton, CEO Zero Emission Transport Association (ZETA), a Washington-based lobbying group representing companies such as Tesla, Uber, Rivian, Lucid Motors and others. “Consumers say, ‘Wait a minute, this will happen.’ ”

The White House had a plan to make up for the missing funds. By E&E news, the administration thought it could use the “Infrastructure Finance Authority” to leverage another $ 7.5 billion for charging stations. But this financial authority was left out of the deal announced this week, leaving the administration uncompensated.

The bilateral agreement includes a total of about $ 20 billion less for public transport and electric cars compared to the two-party framework announced by senators and the White House last June, E&E reports.

There is also no bilateral agreement Proposed by Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer point of sale discounts for anyone who trades in an electric car. It also does not include incentives for manufacturers to stop producing internal combustion engines. According to the Democratic leader, his goal was that every car made in America should be electric by 2030 and every car on the road should be clean by 2040.

U.S. Transportation Infrastructure

Image by Patrick T.Fallon / AFP via Getty Images

That is also the goal expressed by ZETA. But Britton said it would not happen without “strong consumer incentives and strong billing investment.” He said he supported additional incentives for electric cars to be included in the budget reconciliation bill, which Schumer has said he wants to accept with the two parties.

The current federal EV tax credit of $ 7,500 could rise to $ 12,500 based on a change proposed by Senator Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) on the Clean Energy for America bill. “I don’t know that so full [$12,500] survive reconciliation, “Britton said,” but you know, very strong consumer incentives are in place. “

But if the question is whether this deal will help achieve Schumer’s goal of turning every road car on electricity by 2040 or Biden’s goal of halving CO2 emissions by 2030, the answer is certainly not under this current framework.

See this why you understand Twitter thread, written by Matthew Lewis, communications director at a housing construction group in California, YIMBY. In it, he notes, there are currently 280 million cars and trucks on the road in the United States, of which only 3 percent are electric. Americans typically buy 16 to 17 million cars a year, which would mean that completely replacing all gasoline cars on the road would require about 16 years of EV sales alone. We also need a total ban on the sale and use of petrol cars.

Some states have expressed a desire to ban the sale and use of internal combustion vehicles in the future. But that is not a sure thing, and there is no national plan to stop gas car production. At the same time, modest changes in land use and transit to transform cities into virtually car-free environments would be a better way to electrify every car in America. Better transit and easier walking and cycling environments mean fewer cars would be needed.

Without these changes a climate catastrophe would be difficult to avoid.

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