Agriculture plays a very important role in everyone’s life as it is the source of food which is a basic requirement for every living being. We directly or indirectly depend on plants. Agriculture practices since ancient times. We can define agriculture as the art of cultivation of the crop.
Certain parameters should be kept in mind, such as type of crop, properties of soil, climate, etc. According to these parameters, farmers decide when and what to cultivate at a particular time. A proper set of procedures is followed with agrimachinery for good agricultural practices.
Here we are going to discuss some good agricultural practices to get a high-yielding crop with less input.
As we prepare food with proper treatment before eating, likewise soil is also prepared before raising crops. Preparation of soil includes plowing, leveling and manuring. The process of loosening and digging the soil using a plow is known as plowing. This enables air to perforate into the soil. After plowing, the soil is leveled and this process is called leveling. The soil is then manured.
The first step before sowing is to select seeds of good quality. After soil preparation seeds are dispersed in the field called sowing. It can be done manually, by hand, or by machines. Some crops are grown into seedlings in small areas then transplanted to the main field.
Major field crops that are sown include oats, wheat, rye, some legumes, and grasses. Hand sowing is done by three methods by kkisan, like flat sowing, ridge sowing, and wide bed sowing.
As our body needs sufficient nutrition to be healthy likewise crops also need nutrients to grow and give a high yield. So the supply of sufficient nutrients is necessary. Nutrients are of two types, natural such as manure, or chemical compounds such as fertilizers.
Manure is produced by the decomposition of plant and animal wastes, while fertilizers are produced commercially. Manure plays a very important role in increasing soil fertility as well. Another method for soil nourishment is crop rotation, the planting of leguminous plants.
For crop production, the most important is a sufficient source of water. Sources of water can be wells, ponds, lakes, dams, etc. Overirrigation may lead to waterlogging and damage the crop. The time interval between successive irrigation should be checked properly. Irrigation helps to maintain landscapes, and revegetate soil in dry areas and kisan net during the period of less average rainfall.
Unwanted plants which grow along with the main plant are known as weeds. They compete with the main plant for water and nutrition. They can survive in diverse environments and reproduce quickly. Some weeds are intentionally planted for ornamental purposes known as beneficial weeds. They are removed by using weedicides, or by manually pulling them by hand.
Once the crop is matured, it is cut, gathered, and stored, this process is called harvesting. Generally, the harvest takes place 10-15 days after the grain has reached maturity. The harvest should take place at a time when the grain has a moisture content in the range of 15-20 %. After harvesting, grains are separated from the chaff either by threshing or manually by winnowing.
Harvested grains are stored in granaries at godowns for later use or marketing. Therefore to prevent crops from being spoiled, pests and rodents, fumigation, etc crops have to be kept in protection. We can also define storage as a process of the post-harvest system during which product is kept in a guarantee food security other than during agricultural production.
These were the agricultural practices that everyone should follow and keep their field, crops, and themselves healthy. For more information, do visit us.