President Biden wants 50 percent of all new cars sold in the U.S. in 2030 to be fully electric, rechargeable, hybrid, or hydrogen-powered. . In addition, his administration is proposing new fuel economy and emission standards that will more or less eliminate the Trump administration. return Obama-era rules for cars manufactured until 2025.
Biden will also sign an executive order that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) will develop aggressive long-term rules to support his 2030 goals, which also include medium and heavy vehicles.
“When I say electric vehicles are the future, I don’t joke,” read a a tweet from the president on Wednesday night.
This planned shift away from internal combustion engines is not as aggressive as the approaches proposed or adopted around the world. The European Union has proposed a ban on the sale of new gas-powered passenger cars by 2035However, France has abandoned the decommissioning of hybrids that still use fossil fuels. The United Kingdom wants stop selling new internal combustion vehicles by 2030. China wants to sell all new cars in 2035 be at least hybrids, but it aims to have 50 percent rechargeable hybrid, battery or hydrogen powered.
California, which is always the leader in state-level environmental regulations, is also intends to ban new gas cars by 2035.
On the political side, the NHTSA’s proposed rule aims to lock in an average annual increase in fuel economy of just under 4%. Reuters, and a final fleet-wide average of about 52 miles per gallon for 2026 vehicles. The Obama-era rule required automakers to increase the average fuel economy of their fleets by 5 percent annually, with the goal of achieving an average of 54 miles per gallon in 2026 cars. Trump’s administration dropped this dramatically – during a climate change and respiratory pandemic, an annual increase of at least 1.5% and a target average of 40 miles per gallon. It did so despite the fact that the EPA had previously ruled that automakersexcessive compliance“With the Obama season rule.
EPA is proposing a rule that requires emission reductions that are commensurate with the proposed fuel economy benefits, as fuel consumption and exhaust emissions are intrinsically linked. The two draft rules are now going through a months-long public commenting process before the final rules are proposed and approved.
The new proposals from the Biden administration have already received support from some major automakers, who will separately announce their own goals for electrifying their fleets later today. Representatives from General Motors, Ford and Stellantis (a company formed when Fiat Chrysler merged with the French PSA group) will appear alongside Biden when he announces the implementing regulations and proposed rules, as well as the leaders of the United Auto Workers Association.
That said, as reported Reuters, these three Detroit automakers are only committing to a “joint effort” that 40-50 percent of new car sales will be expansions by 2030. They also call on the government to take big time, not only to provide incentives for new electrical equipment but also “incentives to expand electric vehicle manufacturing and supply chains in the United States.” The Biden administration has sought to support the introduction of electric vehicles in two-party infrastructure lawAlthough some proposed investments (such as charging stations) have already been cut in the negotiations.
GM has said it wants to be carbon neutral by 2040 and that removing exhaust emissions from vehicles by 2035 is only a “wish”. Ford, which has been successful early with the Mustang Mach-E, is committed to switching to electric by 2030- In Europe. The carmaker plans to manufacture Forty percent of its fleet was fully electronic by that year globally. Stellantis had previously said more than 40 percent of its North American sales in 2030 would be plug-in vehicles.
While Detroit automakers have reported huge investments in electric vehicles, they were certainly not as unified in policy during the Trump administration.
When the EPA and NHTSA moved to restore Obama-era standards under Trump, Ford (as well as Volkswagen, Honda, BMW and Volvo) agreed with California aim for a relatively tight goal. GM and at the time still Fiat Chrysler joined the Trump administration’s battle in court over California’s right to set its own emissions standards. Automakers (along with Toyota) have argued that they joined the court’s offer because they believed the federal government should decide on such standards. But they have since given up the fight – GM just after the 2020 electionsand Stellantis earlier this year. Meanwhile, Biden’s EPA has already moved to return to the California Emissions Control Authority.
Fully electric vehicles currently make up only about two percent of total U.S. sales, although they have risen sharply in recent months, as have the new and used car markets turned red. According to the United States, more than 100,000 fully electric vehicles were sold in the second quarter of 2021 Kelley’s Blue Book, which is largely driven by Success of the Teslan Model 3 sedan and Model Y SUV. But sales of hybrid cars also increased, with more than 250,000 to 200 percent more sales than a year earlier.