Hair Transplants: Process, Types of Hair Transplant and Recovery Period in Human Body

A hair transplant involves a plastic or dermatological surgeon moving the hair toward the bald head. The dermatologist usually moves hair from the back or side of the head to the front or top of the head. Many Dermatologists in Jaipur include this treatment in their dermatology centres.

The primary cause of hair loss is pattern baldness, which might come from genetics. Other factors other than pattern baldness are:

  1. Diet
  2. Stress
  3. Illness
  4. Hormonal imbalance
  5. Medication

Different Types of Hair Transplants

There are two types of hair transplant procedures.

  • Slit grafts and
  • Slit grafts contain 4 to 10 hair per graft.
  • Micrografts
  • Micro-grafts have 1 to 2 hairs per graft, depending on the cover required.

Who Might Get Benefit From Hair Transplant?

  • Male with pattern baldness
  • Women with thinning hair
  • Ans anyone who has lost some hair from a burn or scalp injury.

Sometimes Hair Replacement Options Results are not Suitable for:

  1. Women with a generalized tendency to hair loss throughout the scalp.
  2. People who do not have enough hair “donor” sites from which to remove hair for transplantation.
  3. Individuals who form keloid scars (thick and fibrous scars) after injury or surgery.
  4. Person whose hair loss is caused by medications such as chemotherapy.

What Happens During a Hair Transplant?

After cleansing your scalp correctly, a surgeon uses a small needle to numb part of your head with local anaesthesia.

Two main techniques are used to obtain follicles for transplant: FUT and FUE.
In follicle unit transplant (FUT):

  1. The surgeon will use a scalpel to cut through a band of scalp skin from the back of the head. The incision is ordinarily several inches in length.
  2. These are then closed with sutures.
  3. The surgeon then separates the extracted part of the scalp into small sections using a magnifying glass and a sharp surgical knife. When implanted, these sections will help obtain natural hair growth.

In single follicle extraction (FUE), hair follicles are cut directly from the back of the head through hundreds to thousands of tiny punch incisions.

  1. The surgeon makes tiny holes with a knife or needle in the scalp area that receives the hair transplant. They gently put the hair through these holes.
  2. A surgeon can transplant hundreds, if not thousands, of hair throughout a treatment session.
  3. Afterwards, the transplant, gauze or bandages will cover your scalp for several days.

A hair transplant may take 4 hours or more. Your stitches will be removed approximately ten days after the operation.

You may need three to four sessions to get the full head of hair you wish for. The sessions are held several months apart to enable each transplant to heal completely.

What Happens After a Hair Transplant?

Your scalp may be sore, and you may need to take medication after a hair graft, such as:

  • pain medication
  • antibiotics to reduce your risk of infection
  • anti-inflammatory drugs to keep swelling down

For the most part, people can return to work within days of the intervention. It’s typical for transplanted hair to fall off two to three weeks after surgery. This is replaced by new hair growth. Most people will experience new hair growth 8-12 months after the surgery.

Many doctors prescribe minoxidil (Rogaine) or finasteride hair growth medicine (Propecia) to improve hair regrowth. They can also slow down or stop future hair loss.

What are the Complications Associated with a Hair Transplant?

The side effects of a hair graft are generally minor and disappear in a few weeks.

They can include:

  • bleeding
  • infection
  • numbness or lack of sensation on the treated areas of the scalp
  • shock loss, or sudden but typically temporary loss of the transplanted hair
  • swelling of the scalp
  • itching
  • a crust that forms on the areas of the scalp where hair was removed or implanted
  • inflammation or infection of the hair follicles, which is known as folliculitis
  • unnatural-looking tufts of hair.
  • Bruising around the eyes

What are the Long-Term Results?

However, people who have received a hair transplant will continue to grow hair in the transplanted areas of the scalp.

New hair can appear more or less dense according to:

  • scalp laxity, or how loose your scalp skin is
  • the density of follicles in the transplanted zone
  • hair calibre or quality
  • hair curl

Suppose you are not taking medications (such as minoxidil or finasteride) or following a low level of laser therapy. In that case, you may still suffer hair loss in the untreated areas of your scalp.

Discussing the expected result with your surgeon and establishing realistic expectations is essential.


As shown above, a hair transplant involves plastic or dermatological surgeon moving the hair toward the bald head. The dermatologist usually moves hair from the back or side of the head to the front or top of the head of the patients in Jaipur Skincity.

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