India will conduct the first scientific assessment of its elephant population in 2022- Technology News, Firstpost

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On Elephant Day, Minister for the Environment, Forestry and Climate Change (MoEFCC) Bhupender Yadav announced that India will make its first scientific assessment of its elephant population and also conduct a tiger census. This estimate will be made in 2022, and the ministry has published protocols to be followed during the census.

Although India conducts the census, the methods are not necessarily scientific and can be considered more as personnel than as the actual census. The the last census was carried out in 2017 and found that there are more than 27,000 elephants in India.

More than 60 percent of the Asian elephant population lives in India.

More than 60 percent of the Asian elephant population lives in India.

“The number of people is not a scientific method for estimating the population. We understand that we can make a highly scientific population assessment if we followed the assessment methods used for tigers and leopards, “SP Yadav, Member Secretary, Tiger Conservation Authority and Central Zoo Authority Hindustan Times.

The assessment is performed in three phases: land surveys, analyzes of remotely identified data, and camera traps.

“So now we use a statistical framework and take double sampling. The first soil surveys are performed, indirect ivory marks are recorded such as broken branches, footprints, manure, etc. Camera insult is also performed with DNA analysis of manure samples to certainly improve. our understanding of elephants and the problems they face. “

Elephants will be identified based on livestock, health and nutritional level, body characteristics such as ears and cone size.

Population estimate

The Union Minister for the Environment said the bottom-up approach was the way forward and local and indigenous peoples should be involved in conservation efforts.

“It’s important that we have a scientific approach to conservation. But it’s also just as important to incorporate local communities and their traditions into conservation,” Yadav said.

“There has been an urgent need to improve and harmonize population assessment methods in a more scientific way in different states across India,” he added.

Yadav, along with Secretary of State Ashwini Kumar Chaubey, also published the fourth edition of the Elephant Division’s quarterly newsletter Trumpet. The newsletter highlights the various protection regimes that have been approved by state forest agencies along with other institutions and organizations.

Some conservation policies that help elephants include improving enforcement policies to prevent illegal poaching and the ivory trade, preserving elephant habitats, better care for captive elephants, and returning some captive elephants to shrines.

Chaubey said rescuing elephants saves forests and rescuing forests leads to rescuing the entire ecosystem. He urged everyone, especially the young, to nurture and carry forward the traditional ethos of Indian culture that is in harmony with nature and wildlife.

About Asian elephants

Asian elephants were commonly found in West Asia off the coast of Iran to the Indian subcontinent, east to Southeast Asia, and China, covering more than nine million kilometers.

They are now listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (ICUN) Red List. This means that these animals are considered “threatened by global extinction” as their numbers decline.

Currently included ICUN, Asian elephant populations can be found in the following places:

  • Bangladesh
  • Bhutan
  • Cambodia
  • China
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Lao People’s Democratic Republic
  • Malaysia
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal
  • Sri Lanka
  • Thailand
  • Vietnamese

The majority of the population is under threat due to habitat loss and poaching, and the entire elephant population is extinct in Pakistan.

A population size assessment conducted in 2018 showed that there are 48,323 to 51,680 elephants in Asia worldwide. However, according to ICUN, these are rough guesses and are not based on actual numbers. It is believed that more than 60 percent of the Asian elephant population lives in India.

A population size assessment conducted in 2018 showed that there are 48,323 to 51,680 elephants in Asia worldwide.

A population size assessment conducted in 2018 showed that there are 48,323 to 51,680 elephants in Asia worldwide.

Asian elephants in India

The elephant is considered an Indian natural heritage animal.

According to a 2017 synchronized elephant population assessment, the elephant population can be found in the following states of India:

  • Uttarakhand
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Haryana
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Odisha
  • Jharkhand
  • Bihar
  • South Bengal
  • Chattisgarh
  • Assam
  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • North Bengal
  • Meghalaya
  • Nagaland
  • Tripura
  • Mizoram
  • Manipur
  • Karnataka
  • Kerala
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands

According to the report, Karnataka has the most elephants (6049), followed by Assam (5719) and Kerala (3054). The figures are lower than the last census estimate for 2012 (29,391 and 30,711). However, experts believe that comparisons cannot be made because different states used different techniques in the 2012 census. Efforts were not synchronized across the country, so errors or duplication may have led to overestimation.

Elephants move from place to place, and in recent years they have spread from forests to agricultural land and even across national borders. Human-animal conflicts have also increased in India, especially for these mammals. In response to recent questions from the Lok Sabha, the MoEFCC said that in 2020, 87 elephants and 359 people died in human-elephant conflicts. However, in similar numbers in 2019-20, only 19 elephants died, although the number of deaths was higher (585 deaths).

Anandakumar, a researcher at the Nature Conservation Foundation who studies the human-elephant conflict in India, said Hindu“The conflict involves both crop damage and human lives, there is no single solution for both.”

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