Objective of Mahatma Gandhi Nrega

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (MGNREGA) was announced on September 7th in 2005. The aim in this Act is to guarantee at minimum 100 working days guaranteed for a fiscal year to every household in rural areas with adult members who offer to help with manual labor.


The Act was first notified to 200 districts during the initial phase, with effect from February 2nd , 2006 and was later extended to 130 districts for the 2007-2008 financial year (113 districts receive notification as of April 1st 2007 while 17 districts within Uttar Pradesh (UP) were notified starting on May 15th 2007). The remaining districts were notified under MGNREGA starting April 1st and 1st, 2008.

Mahatma Gandhi Nrega encompasses the entire country except for districts that have 100 percent urban populations.

 

    • The MGNREGA has created the biggest employment program ever create by humans and is unique to any other wage-base employment program in terms of its size, structure and impact. Its bottom-up, person-centered self-selecting and demand-driven rights-base design is unique and unrivalled.
    • The MGNREGA offers a legal protection for wage work
    • It is a demand-driven program in which the provision of jobs is stimulate by the need for jobs by people who are seeking a job.
    • There are laws that provide the payment of compensation and allowances in the event of a inability to perform the work request and in case of the delay in paying wages for work done.
    • The MGNREGA is able to overcome the problem of targeting by utilizing its self-targeting system of beneficiary selection. That is the majority of the most disadvantage and marginalized people seek jobs through the Scheme.
    • The Act encourages States to provide jobs because 100% of the labour costs for non-skill workers and 75 percent of the costs of the program are paid by the Centre.
  • Also Read : Atal Pension Yojana Is A Pension Scheme Run By The Government

    • In contrast to earlier wage employment programs that were base on allocation, MGNREGA is demanddriven and the transfer of resources across Centre and States is determine by the demand for jobs in every State. This creates an additional incentive to States to make use of the Act to fulfill the requirements of employment for the most in need.
    • It is also a disincentive to not providing the require work in a timely manner, since the States will then be responsible for the cost of the unemployment compensation.
    • Gram Panchayats(GPs) are expect to carry out at least 50 percent of the projects in the cost. This transfer of funds to GPs is a first.
    • The plans and the decisions about the type and nature of work to be carried out as well as the sequence of each task to be initiated, the site selection , etc. All of these decisions are to be taken in open meetings in the Gram Sabha(GS) and then ratified in the GP. Work that is inserted at the Intermediate Panchayat(IP) or District Panchayat(DP) levels must be accept and given a priority from the GS before any administrative approval is granted. The GS may approve, amend or decline the work.
    • The decisions can’t be overturned from higher authority, unless to the extent that they ensure compliance with the provisions in the Act and its Operational Guidelines
    • This bottom-up, human-centric structure that is driven by demand also means that a large portion of the responsibility for the performance of the MGNREGA is on wage-seekers GSs as well as GPs.
    • MGNREGA also marks a departure from relief programs in the past to the integrate nature resource management as well as a livelihoods generation view.

Social audit is one of the brand new feature that forms an integral element of MGNREGA.

      • An annual report made by the Central Employment Guarantee Council (CEGC) which focuses on the achievements of MGNREGA, is require to be submitted annually through the Central Government to Parliament. The annual reports produce from the State Employment Guarantee Councils (SEGC) are required to be submitted to State Legislatures by State Governments, making it easier to oversee through elect members.
      • The completely new nature of the program, demands new approaches to ensure its successful implementation. The aim is to ensure the new elements of MGNREGA are implemented in a timely manner in the field; at the forefront of the implementation. These operational guidelines have been released to help facilitate conformance.

Source : MNREGA: Key facts for users

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