Abigail BanerjiJuly 13, 2021 09:57:21 IST
It is somewhat questioned in general that brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright (aka The Wright Brothers) were the first people to successfully fly an airplane on December 17, 1903. Eleven years later, on January 1, 1914, the first commercial flight was conducted by test. director Tony Jannus with his first paying passenger – former mayor of St. Petersburg Abram C Pheil. They traveled 34 miles from St. Petersburg to Tampa, Florida in 23 minutes.
In the past, exclusive care and no doubt a pricey relationship has become an easy, everyday event now. Millions of people travel from one continent to another across oceans and land masses. It is no longer believed to be an elite mode of transport.
But it all started with a small flight and a dream.
Similarly, traveling into space was also once a great thing. But people now travel frequently into space, have multiple launches to transport men and women into orbit (ISS), which is 408 km above the ground, have been on the Moon and have plans to travel to Mars. Space tourism has eased over the years and remains a well-closed community where state-led space organizations have monopolized the space industry. We have private aerospace companies that are making a breakthrough and setting themselves up as reliable, safe and – dare I say it – cheap alternatives.
Buzz Aldrin, an American astronaut and another person standing on the moon, said: “I believe that space travel will one day be as common as air travel is today. However, I am convinced that the real future of space travel does not belong to government agencies … but real progress comes from private from companies competing to offer the ultimate adventure. “
To break this long-standing autonomy on space flights, billionaire Richard Branson and a crew of five senior employees of Virgin Galactic made the trip to space. Although it is short-lived, it has become the idea of going into space into a more concrete reality for many.
Branson threw open the door of the proverb and broke the glass roof and is certainly not the only one competing in space travel.
Soon another billionaire entrepreneur, former CEO of Amazon and CEO of Blue Origin, Jeff Bezos will follow suit – in fact, he’s only nine days behind.
Billionaire Elon Musk has already made a name for his company – SpaceX – when he became the first private company to launch NASA astronauts at the International Space Station in May last year. He broke a nine-year drought by triggering astronauts from the United States after dangerous Apollo missions closed the store. Funded by billionaire Jared Isaacman, SpaceX is transporting a four-person private crew – Inspiration4 – for a trip around the country that will last three days in September this year.
SpaceX is planning a new trip next year with Axiom Space, which will carry NASA veteran Michael Lopez-Alegria and three businessmen – Larry Conner, Mark Pathy and Eytan Stibbe. Billionaire Yusaku Maezawa has also booked a trip to SpaceX, where he will take eight lucky ones into space in 2023
Is there anything in common among all these planned space flights?
You don’t have to look too closely. It’s amazingly obvious – billionaires fund all of these private trips with a pocket change to explode (pun intended) for a return trip to the outside world.
So while space travel is becoming available, it’s a luxury that few can afford.
According to a UBS report, space travel will be a $ 3 billion industry over the next 10 years. It also noted that fast space travel competes with long-haul flights. It also expects the larger space sector, currently worth about $ 400 billion, to more than quadruple to $ 805 billion by 2030.
It is to be hoped that, in the same way that the cost of flying an airplane, which has fallen as demand and private players grow, so will the cost of space flight. Time to tell.
Branson’s journey into space is not the first time astronauts are leaving for space. Russian space agency Roscosmos facilitated businessman Dennis Tito’s journey to the ISS on April 28, 2001. He paid $ 20 million for his seat on the Soyuz rocket. Since then, only seven other people have made an inspiring journey to the International Space Station.
Until 2019, it will cost NASA $ 11,250 per person per day for life support and toilet facilities and another $ 22,500 for food and air, for example. According to NASA’s recently published pricing policy, ISS crew time to support a private astronaut operation is $ 5.2 million per person. Integration and basic services, such as task preparation, cost $ 4.8 million for each task. It currently costs $ 88,000 to $ 164,000 per person per day from the pre-stage of food and other cargo to the station for the voyages of these NASA cargo ships, as well as for the destruction of cargo on those spacecraft.
Bezos ’trip on July 20 includes her brother Mark, 82-year-old female director Wally Funk and Mystery, who won the last ticket at an online auction. The price of one ticket? $ 28 million!
Bids had risen to $ 4.8 million in previous days, but during the direct auction, the price rose steadily in $ 1 million increments. The mysterious community offered more than 20 other people in a direct auction. Their names have not yet been revealed and are scheduled to be announced before the flight.
Blue Origin has not yet revealed how much a place in a New Shepherd rocket will cost. The people who trigger the price of tickets include education, self-flight and accommodation.
After the first flight and before officially launching paying customers, Virgin Galactic will take two more flights. From the beginning of 2022, Galactic will start commercial flights with the goal of operating 400 flights a year. Tickets are a staggering $ 250,000 and have been sold to more than 600 people in 60 different countries, including some Hollywood celebrities. The ticket price for Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo spacecraft includes flight, training and a gorgeous blue spacesuit.
According to Business Insider, a trip with SpaceX’s Crew Dragon cost $ 55 million per person. For people traveling to SpaceX through Axiom Space, their expensive ticket includes training, mission planning, life support, medical support, crew reservations, and an eight-day stay on the ISS.
Even if you have the money to travel into space, it is still not easy to become an astronaut. The European Space Agency calls it the most challenging program to monitor and organize. From numerous simulation flights, underwater training, and even working on many modeling tools, it’s an exhausting process. These men and women have been trained to survive harsh space conditions where a possible slip can cause millions of dollars in damage and cost them their lives. It is an international relationship with space organizations that come together to educate people to live and succeed in space. Although private companies have trained people for short flights, astronauts who want to live on the ISS have yet to complete training with NASA.
This makes human space travel a distant dream for everyone.
What can we expect in the future?
There are many other private actors trying to get into this field and bring space travel closer to ordinary people. Space tourism is a quick round-trip to space and the next destination for people with money in orbiting nightclub plans. As technology advances that allow us to reuse rockets and hoists, make cheaper rocket fuel, and increase flight frequency, travel costs will decrease.
There is also talk of filming on the ISS. The film has been discussed with actor Tom Cruise, but nothing has been confirmed yet. The cruise is scheduled to travel with Hollywood director Doug Liman on a SpaceX rocket.
Russia, which has been in space competition with the United States, recently announced that 36-year-old actress Yulia Peresild and 38-year-old film director Klim Shipenko will be launched on the ISS on October 5, 2021. The film was filmed in September 2020 – just months when the Hollywood plans were announced.
Space is only the next boundary and the moon and Mars are the next stages for humanity.
Astronaut Christa McAuliffe says, “Space is for everyone. It’s not just for a few science or math people or a selected group of astronauts. It’s our new frontier there, and it’s all about knowing about space.”