Tax Implications Of Mutual Funds Schemes: An Overview


When it comes to investing in a Mutual Fund scheme, it is important to have a good grasp of the tax implications involved. Understanding the tax considerations can significantly impact your overall returns and financial planning. From capital gains tax to dividend income tax, how Mutual Funds are taxed depends on factors like the holding period, fund type, and the investor’s tax bracket. Knowing the tax implications allows you to make smarter investment decisions, minimise your tax liabilities, and maximise your returns in Mutual Funds. Let’s dive in and explore the tax side of Mutual Funds!

Types of Mutual Fund Schemes & Their Classification 

Before diving into the tax implications, it’s essential to understand the different types of Mutual Fund schemes available for investment.

  • Equity Funds: These funds primarily invest in stocks or equity shares of companies. They aim for capital appreciation and can be further classified based on market capitalisation, sectors, and investment style (growth or value).
  • Debt Funds: Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities such as government bonds, corporate bonds, and money market instruments. They aim to provide regular income and are considered less risky than equity funds.
  • Hybrid Funds: These funds invest in a mix of equity and debt instruments to balance the risk and return potential. They can be further classified based on their portfolio’s equity and debt proportion.
  • Solution-oriented Funds: These funds are designed to cater to specific financial goals such as retirement or a child’s education and typically have a lock-in period.
  • Index Funds/ETFs: Index funds and Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) track a particular index like Nifty 50 or Sensex, replicating its performance with minimal active management.

Why Should You Know the Tax Implications of Mutual Funds?

Knowing the tax implications of Mutual Funds is crucial for investors. It enables effective planning, accurate financial projections, and informed decision-making. By considering tax implications, investors can estimate their after-tax returns, choose tax-efficient funds, and utilise tax-saving options. Understanding tax rules ensures compliance and risk management. Ultimately, being well-informed about tax implications empowers investors to make smart investment decisions and maximise their returns while minimising tax liabilities. 

Tax Implications of Equity Funds

When investing in an equity , you need to be aware of the capital gains tax implications. Capital gains can be classified into two categories:

  1. Short-term Capital Gains (STCG): If you sell your equity fund units within one year of investment, the gains are considered short-term capital gains. 
  2. Long-term Capital Gains (LTCG): Long-term capital gains are considered if you hold your equity fund units for more than a year. 

The gains from selling equity fund units held for over one year are taxed at a flat rate of 15%. However, up to Rs 1 lakh of long-term capital gains per year are tax-exempt.


Tax Implications of Debt Funds 

Debt funds have different tax implications compared to equity funds. Here’s how the capital gains are taxed for debt funds: 

  1. Short-term Capital Gains (STCG): Short-term capital gains apply if you sell your debt fund shares within three years of investing. STCG on debt funds is taxed as per your income tax slab rate.
  2. Long-term Capital Gains (LTCG): The gains from selling equity fund units held for over one year are subject to taxation. With indexation benefits, the tax rate is 20%, while without indexation, it is 10%.

 Dividend Income Taxation 

Dividends received from Mutual Fund schemes are now added to your income and taxed as per your income tax slab rate. They are taxed according to your income tax slab rate. If the dividend amount exceeds Rs 5,000, a tax deduction at source (TDS) of 10% is applied.

Tax-saving Mutual Funds (ELSS) 

Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS) are tax-saving Mutual Funds that offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. ELSS fund investments qualify for a tax deduction of up to Rs 1,50,000 per fiscal year. 

These funds come with a lock-in period of three years, and the capital gains tax treatment is the same as other equity funds. 

How to Minimise Tax Liability on Mutual Fund Investments?

There are several strategies you can adopt to minimise the tax liability on your Mutual Fund investments: 

  • Choose the right Mutual Fund based on the tax implications of different schemes.
  • Opt for growth options instead of dividend options to defer taxation on your gains.
  • Consider investing in tax-efficient funds like ELSS or SIP plans to save on taxes.

Key Takeaways

Understanding the tax implications of Mutual Fund schemes is crucial for making informed investment decisions. By being aware of the different tax implications for various funds, you can choose the right investment strategies and minimise your tax liability while maximising your returns.


  1. Income Tax Department – Capital Gains
  2. SEBI – Mutual Funds
  3. Investopedia – Mutual Fund Taxation in India

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