Vaccine carrots got us so far – now is the time for sticks

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This week the dam broke down. As COVID-19 increased across the United States and vaccination levels stalled, federal agencies and state governments began announcing vaccine mandates to their employees. The Department of Veterinary Affairs was the first federal agency President Joe Biden announced that all federal employees must be vaccinated or given tests and other protocols. New York City and Los Angeles do too demand city ​​workers to vaccinate.

Private companies do the same. Google said Wednesday – that workers should be vaccinated in order to enter the office, and – Facebook and Lyft followed his own announcements an hour later. Some New York restaurants require workers to vaccinate and ask diners to prove evidence of vaccination.

For months, states and organizations have used incentives to encourage people to vaccinate – lotteries, free baseball tickets, free beer. They can work and can encourage people who pulled their heels to fit the shot.

“They’re carrots or positive behaviors,” Aaron Carroll, Indiana University Health Director wrote New York Times. “When it comes to incentives, most people like carrots.” Carrots continue – Biden’s administration said yesterday it wants the state and local government to grant $ 100 to newly vaccinated. But carrots can only go that far. Clearly, they are not going to push enough people into vaccinations to fight the pandemic. “Sometimes, though, people need sticks,” Carroll said.

The United States has walked on vaccine missions since allowing COVID-19 shots. Lawmakers across the country have tried to legislate denial mandate. But now that big players are starting to demand vaccinations, other, smaller organizations have the protection to deploy more – they’re not alone when they’re the first to make it and can refer to those bigger precedents to support their decision.

Vaccination missions have always been key to ending pandemics, Carroll said New York Times. Smallpox was eradicated and the polio was removed. We control measles, diphtheria and other infectious diseases by requiring children to get their shots before going to school. When vaccines are not needed, intake usually remains low – one reason for the number of HPV vaccinations, which is not as high as health professionals would like, although shots can prevent cancer.

The politicization and counterattack of COVID-19 vaccines means that, like the rest of the pandemic, the mandates are fragmented. They are much more likely in states with higher vaccination rates and liberal leadership than in places like Florida, where Governor Ron DeSantis is loudly against mandates and has new powers to cancel local emergency orders.

But in the places where they are executed, mandates get more shots for more guns. It may have been better to achieve a high level of vaccination without requirements. In the United States, however, it is unrealistic – vaccine hesitation and misinformation are too established, and too many people do not see COVID-19 as a serious enough problem to be worth its time. Mandates do not fix the problem alone, but they are one strategy that can help. At this point, we need all possible help.

Here’s what else happened this week.

Research

Your vaccinated immune system is ready for breakthroughs
Breakthrough infections are rare in people who have been completely vaccinated against COVID-19. In the rare cases where people get sick, the body’s immune system is ready to take the virus. (Katherine J.Wu / Atlantic)

Why do fully vaccinated people have a positive effect on Covid?
Data from the UK show that vaccines are still working as expected. They have made the disease much less deadly – a fully vaccinated 80-year-old has the same risk of dying from COVID-19 as an unvaccinated 50-year-old. (Oliver Barnes and John Burn-Murdoch / Financial Times)

The CDC translation of interior cladding prompts experts to ask, “Where’s the data?”
The CDC issued new recommendations that even fully vaccinated COVID-19 will wear masks indoors in some situations. The agency has not released the information that brought about the change, but says it applies. (Joel Achenbach, Yasmeen Abutaleb, Ben Guarino and Carolyn Y. Johnson / Washington Post)

COVID symptoms may be delayed in some vaccinees who become infected, test results
A small study of Israeli health workers found that some vaccinated people who had breakthrough COVID-19 cases had symptoms that lasted up to six weeks. Breakthroughs were still rare. (Rob Stein / NPR)

Development

At the request of the FDA, Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna are expanding their studies on children 5-11
Pfizer / BioNTech and Moderna are increasing the size of COVID-19 vaccination studies in children to better understand rare side effects. (Sheryl Gay Stolberg, Sharon LaFraniere and Noah Weiland / New York Times)

Protection of Pfizer COVID-19 against serious illness remains stable for more than six months
Data published by Pfizer show that protection against symptomatic disease decreases over time, but vaccines remain very effective in severe cases. The data raises further questions about the possibility of enhancers, which are still being considered by U.S. regulators. (Nicole Wetsman / Limit)

New vaccinations are recovering at Covid Hot Spots in the United States
In places where COVID-19 is rising, vaccinations will also increase. Countries with the lowest vaccination rates are now firing faster than the rest of the country. (Drew Armstrong / Bloomberg)

Outlook

Most cats and monkeys – gorillas and orangutans – have been trained for voluntary vaccinations, making them easy to vaccinate. And then the smaller animals are trained to go in a small mesh box, so they’re pretty easy. The most difficult are some medium-sized primates that may not be as interested in voluntary spraying and are also very intelligent.

– Keith Hinshaw, Director of Animal Health at the Philadelphia Zoo, said Slate process for vaccinating animals with the experimental COVID-19 vaccine.

More than numbers

For people who have received 3.9 billion doses of the vaccine so far – thank you.

For more than 196,280,806 people who have tested positively, let the road to your recovery be smooth.

Your loved one is not forgotten for the families and friends of more than 4,192,702 people who died worldwide – 611,904 in the United States.

Stay safe, everyone.

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