What is hemophilia? What are its symptoms and causes?

What is hemophilia?

Hemophilia is a hereditary bleeding condition in which a person has a deficiency or low level of certain proteins called clotting factors and as a result the blood does not freeze properly and more bleeding occurs. The only way to spot hemophilia is with a blood test to determine the clotting factor level. You can also book online lab test in Pakistan. If hemophilia is understood to run in a family, newborns must be evaluated. You can check for hemophilia A and also B when a baby is born. The blood can be drawn from the umbilical cord.

There are 13 types of clotting factors and they work with platelets to help clot the blood. Platelets are tiny blood cells that form in your bone marrow, according to the World Federation (WFH). About one in every 10,000 people is born with the disease

Types of Hemophilia

Hemophilia a

This is the most common type of heart failure. According to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), eight out of 10 people with the disease have hemophilia.

Hemophilia b

Also known as Christmas disease is caused by a deficiency of the ninth element

Hemophiliac

A mild form of the disease caused by a deficiency in people with this rare type of predisposing factor often does not experience spontaneous bleeding, usually after trauma or surgery. Book online lab test in Pakistan and get instant results.

Hereditary genetic condition

Hemophilia is a hereditary genetic condition that is not treatable but can be treat to minimize symptoms and, in rare cases, to prevent future health complications. It can occur after birth.

What are the symptoms of hemophilia?

The extent of your symptoms depends on the severity of your deficiency. People with mild deficiency may bleeding in the event of severe deficiency trauma for no apparent reason, which is called self-inflicted bleeding. Children can be around 2 years old

The following may be involved in self-inflicted bleeding

Blood in the urine, blood in the stool

Deep wounds, large obscure wounds, more bleeding

Bleeding from the gums. Bleeding from the nose. Pain in the joints. Irritability

What are the causes of hemophilia?

A process in your body called coagulation case cad usually stops the bleeding. When blood platelets coagulate or clot together at the wound site to form a clot, the clotting factors of the body combine to cause these clotting factors. Work to create more permanent plugs in the absence of low surface wounds or bleeding causes.

Hemophilia and genetics

Hemophilia is an inheriting genetic condition that is pass on from one family to another. It is causing by a gene defect. These genes are located on the X chromosomes, which makes hemophilia an ineffective disease linked to X. Two sex chromosomes are inherited. Females have two X chromosomes. Males have X and one Y chromosome.

A boy inherits an X chromosome from his mother and a Y chromosome from his father. A girl inherits an X chromosome from every parent because the genetic disorder that causes hemophilia is located on the X chromosome.

It also means that if a person gets an X chromosome with a mutated gene from his mother, he will have an X chromosome substance containing the mutated gene, which accounts for 50% of the transmission of this gene to his children, male or female. There is a possibility.

Increasing risk

A substance that has a gene mutate on an X chromosome is commonly calling a carrier, which means it can transmit the disease to its offspring, but it does not have the disease itself because blood from its normal X chromosome There are enough clotting factors to avoid serious bleeding problems. Women who have frequent careers have an increasing risk of bleeding.

Men with X chromosomes that have a mutated gene can pass it on to their daughters, which could be a carrier.

What are the complications associate with it?

  • Complications include:
  • Frequent bleeding damages the joints
  • Deep internal bleeding
  • Prevention of hemophilia

There is a condition that is pass from mother to her baby. When you are pregnant there is no way to know if your baby has this condition. If your eggs are fertilizing in the clinic using in vitro fertilization, their condition can be test. Only eggs can be implant without hemophilia. Prenatal counseling can also help you understand the risk of having a baby with it. When performing online lab test in Pakistan wait for online reports and consult doctors.

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